reading
module¶
This module contains classes that allow reading from an index.
Classes¶

class
whoosh.reading.
IndexReader
¶ Do not instantiate this object directly. Instead use Index.reader().

all_doc_ids
()¶ Returns an iterator of all (undeleted) document IDs in the reader.

all_stored_fields
()¶ Yields the stored fields for all nondeleted documents.

all_terms
()¶ Yields (fieldname, text) tuples for every term in the index.

close
()¶ Closes the open files associated with this reader.

codec
()¶ Returns the
whoosh.codec.base.Codec
object used to read this reader’s segment. If this reader is not atomic (reader.is_atomic() == True
), returns None.

column_reader
(fieldname, column=None, reverse=False, translate=False)¶ Parameters:  fieldname – the name of the field for which to get a reader.
 column – if passed, use this Column object instead of the one associated with the field in the Schema.
 reverse – if passed, reverses the order of keys returned by the
reader’s
sort_key()
method. If the column type is not reversible, this will raise aNotImplementedError
.  translate – if True, wrap the reader to call the field’s
from_bytes()
method on the returned values.
Returns: a
whoosh.columns.ColumnReader
object.

corrector
(fieldname)¶ Returns a
whoosh.spelling.Corrector
object that suggests corrections based on the terms in the given field.

doc_count
()¶ Returns the total number of UNDELETED documents in this reader.

doc_count_all
()¶ Returns the total number of documents, DELETED OR UNDELETED, in this reader.

doc_field_length
(docnum, fieldname, default=0)¶ Returns the number of terms in the given field in the given document. This is used by some scoring algorithms.

doc_frequency
(fieldname, text)¶ Returns how many documents the given term appears in.

expand_prefix
(fieldname, prefix)¶ Yields terms in the given field that start with the given prefix.

field_length
(fieldname)¶ Returns the total number of terms in the given field. This is used by some scoring algorithms.

field_terms
(fieldname)¶ Yields all term values (converted from ondisk bytes) in the given field.

first_id
(fieldname, text)¶ Returns the first ID in the posting list for the given term. This may be optimized in certain backends.

frequency
(fieldname, text)¶ Returns the total number of instances of the given term in the collection.

generation
()¶ Returns the generation of the index being read, or 1 if the backend is not versioned.

has_deletions
()¶ Returns True if the underlying index/segment has deleted documents.

has_vector
(docnum, fieldname)¶ Returns True if the given document has a term vector for the given field.

indexed_field_names
()¶ Returns an iterable of strings representing the names of the indexed fields. This may include additional names not explicitly listed in the Schema if you use “glob” fields.

is_deleted
(docnum)¶ Returns True if the given document number is marked deleted.

iter_docs
()¶ Yields a series of
(docnum, stored_fields_dict)
tuples for the undeleted documents in the reader.

iter_field
(fieldname, prefix='')¶ Yields (text, terminfo) tuples for all terms in the given field.

iter_from
(fieldname, text)¶ Yields ((fieldname, text), terminfo) tuples for all terms in the reader, starting at the given term.

iter_postings
()¶ Lowlevel method, yields all postings in the reader as
(fieldname, text, docnum, weight, valuestring)
tuples.

iter_prefix
(fieldname, prefix)¶ Yields (text, terminfo) tuples for all terms in the given field with a certain prefix.

leaf_readers
()¶ Returns a list of (IndexReader, docbase) pairs for the child readers of this reader if it is a composite reader. If this is not a composite reader, it returns [(self, 0)].

lexicon
(fieldname)¶ Yields all bytestrings in the given field.

max_field_length
(fieldname)¶ Returns the minimum length of the field across all documents. This is used by some scoring algorithms.

min_field_length
(fieldname)¶ Returns the minimum length of the field across all documents. This is used by some scoring algorithms.

most_distinctive_terms
(fieldname, number=5, prefix='')¶ Returns the top ‘number’ terms with the highest tf*idf scores as a list of (score, text) tuples.

most_frequent_terms
(fieldname, number=5, prefix='')¶ Returns the top ‘number’ most frequent terms in the given field as a list of (frequency, text) tuples.

postings
(fieldname, text)¶ Returns a
Matcher
for the postings of the given term.>>> pr = reader.postings("content", "render") >>> pr.skip_to(10) >>> pr.id 12
Parameters:  fieldname – the field name or field number of the term.
 text – the text of the term.
Return type:

segment
()¶ Returns the
whoosh.index.Segment
object used by this reader. If this reader is not atomic (reader.is_atomic() == True
), returns None.

storage
()¶ Returns the
whoosh.filedb.filestore.Storage
object used by this reader to read its files. If the reader is not atomic, (reader.is_atomic() == True
), returns None.

stored_fields
(docnum)¶ Returns the stored fields for the given document number.
Parameters: numerickeys – use field numbers as the dictionary keys instead of field names.

term_info
(fieldname, text)¶ Returns a
TermInfo
object allowing access to various statistics about the given term.

terms_from
(fieldname, prefix)¶ Yields (fieldname, text) tuples for every term in the index starting at the given prefix.

terms_within
(fieldname, text, maxdist, prefix=0)¶ Returns a generator of words in the given field within
maxdist
DamerauLevenshtein edit distance of the given text.Important: the terms are returned in no particular order. The only criterion is that they are within
maxdist
edits oftext
. You may want to run this method multiple times with increasingmaxdist
values to ensure you get the closest matches first. You may also have additional information (such as term frequency or an acoustic matching algorithm) you can use to rank terms with the same edit distance.Parameters:  maxdist – the maximum edit distance.
 prefix – require suggestions to share a prefix of this length with the given word. This is often justifiable since most misspellings do not involve the first letter of the word. Using a prefix dramatically decreases the time it takes to generate the list of words.
 seen – an optional set object. Words that appear in the set will not be yielded.

vector
(docnum, fieldname, format_=None)¶ Returns a
Matcher
object for the given term vector.>>> docnum = searcher.document_number(path=u'/a/b/c') >>> v = searcher.vector(docnum, "content") >>> v.all_as("frequency") [(u"apple", 3), (u"bear", 2), (u"cab", 2)]
Parameters:  docnum – the document number of the document for which you want the term vector.
 fieldname – the field name or field number of the field for which you want the term vector.
Return type:

vector_as
(astype, docnum, fieldname)¶ Returns an iterator of (termtext, value) pairs for the terms in the given term vector. This is a convenient shortcut to calling vector() and using the Matcher object when all you want are the terms and/or values.
>>> docnum = searcher.document_number(path=u'/a/b/c') >>> searcher.vector_as("frequency", docnum, "content") [(u"apple", 3), (u"bear", 2), (u"cab", 2)]
Parameters:  docnum – the document number of the document for which you want the term vector.
 fieldname – the field name or field number of the field for which you want the term vector.
 astype – a string containing the name of the format you want the term vector’s data in, for example “weights”.


class
whoosh.reading.
MultiReader
(readers, generation=None)¶ Do not instantiate this object directly. Instead use Index.reader().

class
whoosh.reading.
TermInfo
(weight=0, df=0, minlength=None, maxlength=0, maxweight=0, minid=None, maxid=0)¶ Represents a set of statistics about a term. This object is returned by
IndexReader.term_info()
. These statistics may be useful for optimizations and scoring algorithms.
doc_frequency
()¶ Returns the number of documents the term appears in.

max_id
()¶ Returns the highest document ID this term appears in.

max_length
()¶ Returns the length of the longest field value the term appears in.

max_weight
()¶ Returns the number of times the term appears in the document in which it appears the most.

min_id
()¶ Returns the lowest document ID this term appears in.

min_length
()¶ Returns the length of the shortest field value the term appears in.

weight
()¶ Returns the total frequency of the term across all documents.
